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Electronic music
Electronic music is music that employs electronic musical instruments and electronic music technology in its production. In general a distinction can be made between sound produced using electromechanical means and that produced using electronic technology. Examples of electromechanical sound producing devices include the telharmonium, Hammond organ, and the electric guitar. Purely electronic sound production can be achieved using devices such as the Theremin, sound synthesizer, and computer.
Electronic musicElectronic music

Telecommunication
Telecommunication is the transmission of information over significant distances to communicate. In earlier times, telecommunications involved the use of visual signals, such as beacons, smoke signals, semaphore telegraphs, signal flags, and optical heliographs, or audio messages such as coded drumbeats, lung-blown horns, and loud whistles.
TelecommunicationHistory of radioTelecommunicationsMedia technologyHistory of televisionHistory of telecommunications

Electrical engineering
Electrical engineering is a field of engineering that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. The field first became an identifiable occupation in the late nineteenth century after commercialization of the electric telegraph and electrical power supply. It now covers a range of subtopics including power, electronics, control systems, signal processing and telecommunications. Electrical engineering may include electronic engineering.
Electrical engineeringElectrical engineeringMilitary occupations

Electronics
Electronics is the branch of physics, engineering and technology dealing with electrical circuits that involve active electrical components such as vacuum tubes, transistors, diodes and integrated circuits, and associated passive interconnection technologies. The nonlinear behaviour of active components and their ability to control electron flows makes amplification of weak signals possible and is usually applied to information and signal processing.
ElectronicsElectronics

Electronic Arts
Electronic Arts, Inc. (EA) is a major American developer, marketer, publisher and distributor of video games. Founded and incorporated on May 28, 1982 by Trip Hawkins, the company was a pioneer of the early home computer games industry and was notable for promoting the designers and programmers responsible for its games. It is one of the largest video game publishers in the world. Originally, EA was a home computing game publisher.
Electronic ArtsInternational Game Developers Association membersCompanies based in Redwood City, CaliforniaCompanies established in 1982Companies listed on NASDAQAcademy of Interactive Arts & Sciences membersVideo game development companiesVideo game publishersMultinational companiesElectronic ArtsEntertainment Software AssociationVideo game companies of the United States

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE, read I-Triple-E) is a non-profit professional association headquartered in New York City that is dedicated to advancing technological innovation and excellence. It has more than 400,000 members in more than 160 countries, about 51.4% of whom reside in the United States.
Institute of Electrical and Electronics EngineersAmerican engineering organizationsInstitute of Electrical and Electronics EngineersOrganizations established in 1963Professional associationsStandards organizationsBibliographic database providersInternational nongovernmental organizationsEngineering societies

Audio engineering
An audio engineer, also called audio technician, audio technologist, recording engineer, sound engineer, sound operator, or sound technician, is a specialist in a skilled trade that deals with the use of machinery and equipment for the recording, mixing and reproduction of sounds. The field draws on many artistic and vocational areas, including electronics, acoustics, psychoacoustics, and music.
Audio engineeringRoad crewBroadcasting occupationsAudio engineeringMedia occupationsFilm crewOccupations in musicAudio electronics

DirecTV
DirecTV is an American direct broadcast satellite service provider and broadcaster based in El Segundo, California. Its satellite service, launched on June 17, 1994, transmits digital satellite television and audio to households in the United States, Latin America, and the Anglophone Caribbean. Its primary competitors are Dish Network and cable television providers. At the end of 2011, DirecTV had 19.89 million subscribers.
DirecTVCompanies based in Los Angeles County, CaliforniaCompanies listed on NASDAQCompanies established in 1994Direct broadcast satellite servicesSatellite televisionHigh-definition television

Philips
Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. (Royal Philips Electronics, commonly known as Philips) is a Dutch multinational electronics company headquartered in Amsterdam. It was founded in Eindhoven in 1891 by Gerard Philips and his father Frederik. Philips had revenues of €25.42 billion in 2010, making it one of the largest electronics companies in the world. It employs around 114,500 people across more than 60 countries.
PhilipsMobile phone manufacturersMedical equipment manufacturersHeadphones manufacturersMultinational companies headquartered in the NetherlandsSmall appliance manufacturersConsumer battery manufacturersCompanies established in 1891VideotelephonyShavingElectronics companiesCompanies of the NetherlandsLoudspeaker manufacturersDisplay technology companiesPortable audio player manufacturersPhilipsLighting brands

Samsung
Samsung Group is a South Korean multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul. It comprises numerous subsidiaries and affiliated businesses, most of them united under the Samsung brand, and is the largest South Korean chaebol.
SamsungPublicly traded companiesCompanies based in SeoulWorldwide Olympic sponsorsChaebolConglomerate companiesSamsung GroupCompanies established in 1938Holding companies of KoreaMultinational companies

Electronic Entertainment Expo
The Electronic Entertainment Expo, commonly known as E3, is an annual trade fair for the computer and video games industry presented by the Entertainment Software Association (ESA). It is used by many video game developers to show off their upcoming games and game-related hardware. E3 is widely considered to be the ultimate expo in the video game industry and major video game critics routinely document the event and sometimes even provide a series of E3 awards.
Electronic Entertainment ExpoRecurring events established in 1995Trade shows in the United StatesVideo game trade shows

Loudspeaker
A loudspeaker (or "speaker") is an electroacoustic transducer that produces sound in response to an electrical audio signal input. Non-electrical loudspeakers were developed as accessories to telephone systems, but electronic amplification by vacuum tube made loudspeakers more generally useful. The most common form of loudspeaker uses a paper cone supporting a voice coil electromagnet acting on a permanent magnet, but many other types exist.
Loudspeaker1924 introductionsLoudspeakers

Lockheed Corporation
The Lockheed Corporation (originally Loughead Aircraft Manufacturing Company) was an American aerospace company. Lockheed was founded in 1912 and later merged with Martin Marietta to form Lockheed Martin in 1995.
Lockheed CorporationDefunct aircraft manufacturers of the United StatesDefunct companies in the Greater Los Angeles AreaLockheed CorporationAerospace companies of the United StatesDefunct helicopter manufacturers of the United StatesBurbank, CaliforniaDefense companies of the United StatesHistory of the San Fernando ValleyCompanies disestablished in 1995Manufacturing companies based in California1912 establishments in the United StatesLockheed MartinCompanies established in 1912

Embedded system
An embedded system is a computer system designed for specific control functions within a larger system, often with real-time computing constraints. It is embedded as part of a complete device often including hardware and mechanical parts. By contrast, a general-purpose computer, such as a personal computer (PC), is designed to be flexible and to meet a wide range of end-user needs. Embedded systems control many devices in common use today.
Embedded systemEmbedded systems

Electrical resistance and conductance
The electrical resistance of an electrical element is the opposition to the passage of an electric current through that element; the inverse quantity is electrical conductance, the ease at which an electric current passes. Electrical resistance shares some conceptual parallels with the mechanical notion of friction. The SI unit of electrical resistance is the ohm, while electrical conductance is measured in siemens (S).
Electrical resistance and conductanceElectromagnetismPhysical quantitiesElectronics terms

NEC
, a Japanese multinational provider of information technology (IT) services and products, its headquarters in Minato, Tokyo, Japan. NEC, part of the Sumitomo Group, provides information technology (IT) and network solutions to business enterprises, communications services providers and government. The company used the name Nippon Electric Company, Limited, before re-branding in 1983.
NECMobile phone manufacturersNEC CorporationSemiconductor companiesCompanies formerly listed on NASDAQComputer hardware companiesCompanies formerly listed on the London Stock ExchangeElectronics companies of Japan1899 establishments in JapanConglomerate companies of JapanCompanies listed on the Osaka Securities ExchangeCompanies established in 1899Orphan initialismsCompanies based in TokyoComputer printer companiesMitsuiElectric vehicle battery manufacturers

Computer engineering
Computer engineering is a discipline that integrates several fields of electrical engineering and computer science required to develop computer systems. Computer engineers usually have training in electronic engineering, software design, and hardware-software integration instead of only software engineering or electronic engineering.
Computer engineeringElectronic engineeringComputer engineering

Consumer electronics
Consumer electronics are electronic equipment intended for everyday use, most often in entertainment, communications and office productivity. Radio broadcasting in the early 20th century brought the first major consumer product, the broadcast receiver. Later products include personal computers, telephones, MP3 players, audio equipment, televisions, calculators, GPS automotive electronics, digital cameras and players and recorders using video media such as DVDs, VCRs or camcorders.
Consumer electronicsConsumer electronics

McGraw-Hill
Not to be confused with husband and wife Tim McGraw and Faith Hill. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. The McGraw-Hill CompaniesType PublicTraded as NYSE: MHPS&P 500 ComponentIndustry PublishingFounded 1917Headquarters 1221 Avenue of the AmericasNew York City, U.S. Area served WorldwideKey people Harold W.
McGraw-HillPublishing companies established in 1917BroadcastingBook publishing companies based in New YorkMagazine companies of the United StatesFinancial servicesCompanies listed on the New York Stock ExchangeTelevision broadcasting companies of the United StatesCompanies based in New York CityRockefeller Center

Receiver (radio)
In radio communications, a radio receiver is an electronic device that receives radio waves and converts the information carried by them to a usable form. It is used with an antenna. The antenna intercepts radio waves and converts them to tiny alternating currents which are applied to the receiver, and the receiver extracts the desired information.
Receiver (radio)Receiver (radio)

Consumer Electronics Show
The International Consumer Electronics Show (CES) is a major technology-related trade show held each January in the Las Vegas Convention Center, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States. Not open to the public, the Consumer Electronics Association-sponsored show typically hosts previews of products and new product announcements. CES rose to prominence after COMDEX was canceled.
Consumer Electronics ShowConsumer electronicsRecurring events established in 1967Las Vegas conventions and trade showsComputer-related trade showsTrade shows in the United States

Avionics
Avionics is a term used to describe all of the electronic systems used on aircraft, artificial satellites and spacecraft. Avionic systems include communications, navigation, the display and management of multiple systems and the hundreds of systems that are fitted to aircraft to meet individual roles. These can be as simple as a searchlight for a police helicopter or as complicated as the tactical system for an airborne early warning platform.
AvionicsAvionicsAircraft instrumentsSpacecraft components

LG Corp
LG Corp. is the second-largest South Korean chaebol following Samsung, and it is headquartered in the LG Twin Towers in Yeouido-dong, Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul. LG produces electronics, chemicals, and telecommunications products and operates subsidiaries like LG Electronics, LG Display, LG Telecom and LG Chem in over 80 countries.
LG CorpPublicly traded companiesCompanies based in SeoulLG GroupCompanies established in 1947ChaebolConglomerate companiesHolding companies of KoreaMultinational companies

Speech synthesis
Speech synthesis is the artificial production of human speech. A computer system used for this purpose is called a speech synthesizer, and can be implemented in software or hardware. A text-to-speech (TTS) system converts normal language text into speech; other systems render symbolic linguistic representations like phonetic transcriptions into speech. Synthesized speech can be created by concatenating pieces of recorded speech that are stored in a database.
Speech synthesisArtificial intelligence applicationsAuditory displaysAssistive technologySpeech synthesisHistory of human–computer interactionComputational linguistics

Condensed matter physics
Condensed matter physics is a branch of physics that deals with the physical properties of condensed phases of matter. Condensed matter physicists seek to understand the behavior of these phases by using well-established physical laws, in particular, these include the laws of quantum mechanics, electromagnetism and statistical mechanics.
Condensed matter physicsMaterials scienceCondensed matter physicsFundamental physics concepts

Signal (electrical engineering)
A signal as referred to in communication systems, signal processing, and electrical engineering "is a function that conveys information about the behavior or attributes of some phenomenon". In the physical world, any quantity exhibiting variation in time or variation in space (such as an image) is potentially a signal that might provide information on the status of a physical system, or convey a message between observers, among other possibilities.
Signal (electrical engineering)Digital signal processingTelecommunication theoryEngineering conceptsSignal processing

Electronic warfare
For warfare on the Internet, see Cyberwarfare.
Electronic warfareCyberwarfareInformation operationsElectronic warfare

Electronic countermeasure
An electronic countermeasure (ECM) is an electrical or electronic device designed to trick or deceive radar, sonar or other detection systems, like infrared (IR) or lasers. It may be used both offensively and defensively to deny targeting information to an enemy. The system may make many separate targets appear to the enemy, or make the real target appear to disappear or move about randomly. It is used effectively to protect aircraft from guided missiles.
Electronic countermeasureMilitary communicationsElectronic countermeasuresWeapons countermeasuresMilitary technology

ROM cartridge
A ROM cartridge, sometimes referred to as a cart, is a removable enclosure containing read-only memory devices designed to be connected to a computer or games console. ROM cartridges can be used to add additional functionality or content to the host machine, hardware additions like speech synthesis, or software such as video games.
ROM cartridgeComputer connectorsComputer storage media

Parallel ATA
Parallel ATA (PATA), originally AT Attachment, is an interface standard for the connection of storage devices such as hard disks,floppy drives, and optical disc drives in computers. The standard is maintained by X3/INCITS committee. It uses the underlying AT Attachment (ATA) and AT Attachment Packet Interface (ATAPI) standards.
Parallel ATAComputer connectorsComputer storage busesAT Attachment

Electronic engineering
Electronics engineering, or electronic engineering, is an engineering discipline where non-linear and active electrical components such as electron tubes, and semiconductor devices, especially transistors, diodes and integrated circuits, are utilized to design electronic circuits, devices and systems, typically also including passive electrical components and based on printed circuit boards.
Electronic engineeringElectrical engineeringElectronic engineeringComputer engineering

Solid-state (electronics)
For other uses, see Solid state (disambiguation). Solid-state electronics are those circuits or devices built entirely from solid materials and in which the electrons, or other charge carriers, are confined entirely within the solid material. The term is often used to contrast with the earlier technologies of vacuum and gas-discharge tube devices and it is also conventional to exclude electro-mechanical devices from the term solid state.
Solid-state (electronics)SemiconductorsElectronics terms

Homeland security
Homeland security is an umbrella term for security efforts to protect states against terrorist activity. Specifically, is a concerted national effort to prevent terrorist attacks within the U.S. , reduce America’s vulnerability to terrorism, and minimize the damage and recover from attacks that do occur. The term arose following a reorganization of many U.S.
Homeland securityLaw enforcement in the United StatesCivil defenseAmerican political neologisms

Biomedical engineering
Biomedical Engineering is the application of engineering principles and design concepts to medicine and biology. This field seeks to close the gap between engineering and medicine: It combines the design and problem solving skills of engineering with medical and biological sciences to improve healthcare diagnosis, monitoring and therapy. Biomedical engineering has only recently emerged as its own discipline, compared to many other engineering fields.
Biomedical engineeringBiomedical engineeringBioengineering

Pickup (music technology)
A pickup device is a transducer that captures mechanical vibrations, usually from suitably equipped stringed instruments such as the electric guitar, electric bass guitar, Chapman Stick, or electric violin, and converts them to an electrical signal that is amplified, recorded, or broadcast.
Pickup (music technology)Guitar pickupsMusical instrument parts and accessories

Digital electronics
Digital electronics represent signals by discrete bands of analog levels, rather than by a continuous range. All levels within a band represent the same signal state. Relatively small changes to the analog signal levels due to manufacturing tolerance, signal attenuation or parasitic noise do not leave the discrete envelope, and as a result are ignored by signal state sensing circuitry.
Digital electronicsDigital systemsElectronic design automationElectronic designDigital electronics

Radio spectrum
Radio spectrum refers to the part of the electromagnetic spectrum corresponding to radio frequencies – that is, frequencies lower than around 300 GHz (or, equivalently, wavelengths longer than about 1 mm). Different parts of the radio spectrum are used for different radio transmission technologies and applications.
Radio spectrumRadio spectrum

Electronic circuit
An electronic circuit is composed of individual electronic components, such as resistors, transistors, capacitors, inductors and diodes, connected by conductive wires or traces through which electric current can flow. The combination of components and wires allows various simple and complex operations to be performed: signals can be amplified, computations can be performed, and data can be moved from one place to another.
Electronic circuitElectronic circuitsElectronics termsElectronic engineering

SST Records
SST Records is an American independent record label formed in 1978 in Long Beach, California by musician Greg Ginn. The company was initially formed in 1966 by Ginn at age 12, as Solid State Transmitters, a small business through which he sold electronics equipment. Ginn repurposed the company as a record label to release material by his band Black Flag.
SST RecordsJazz record labelsAmerican independent record labelsHardcore record labelsRecord labels established in 1978Punk record labelsAlternative rock record labels

Noise (electronics)
In electronics, noise is a random fluctuation in an electrical signal, a characteristic of all electronic circuits. Noise generated by electronic devices varies greatly, as it can be produced by several different effects. Thermal noise is unavoidable at non-zero temperature, while other types depend mostly on device type (such as shot noise, which needs steep potential barrier) or manufacturing quality and semiconductor defects, such as conductance fluctuations, including 1/f noise.
Noise (electronics)NoiseElectronics terms

Thales Group
Thales Group is a French company that designs and builds electronic systems and provides services for the aerospace, defence, transportation and security markets. The headquarters are in Neuilly-sur-Seine (in the suburbs of Paris), and its stock is listed on the Euronext Paris. The company changed its name to Thales from Thomson-CSF in December 2000 shortly after the £1,300 million acquisition of Racal Electronics plc, a UK defence electronics group.
Thales GroupThales GroupEngineering companies of FranceElectronics companies of FranceCompanies of FranceDefence companies of France

Engine control unit
An engine control unit (ECU), most commonly called the powertrain control module (PCM), is a type of electronic control unit that controls a series of actuators on an internal combustion engine to ensure the optimum running. It does this by reading values from a multitude of sensors within the engine bay, interpreting the data using multidimensional performance maps, and adjusting the engine actuators accordingly.
Engine control unitPower controlEngine technologyEngine control systemsEmbedded systemsFuel injection systemsEngine componentsOnboard computers

Hughes Aircraft
Hughes Aircraft Company was a major American aerospace and defense contractor founded in 1932 by Howard Hughes in Culver City, California as a division of Hughes Tool Company. The company was known for producing, among other products, the Hughes H-4 Hercules "Spruce Goose" aircraft, the atmospheric entry probe carried by the Galileo spacecraft, and the AIM-4 Falcon guided missile. It was acquired by General Motors from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in 1985.
Hughes AircraftDefunct aircraft manufacturers of the United StatesDefunct companies in the Greater Los Angeles AreaBoeing mergers and acquisitionsAerospace companies of the United StatesDefunct helicopter manufacturers of the United StatesDefense companies of the United StatesElectronics companies of the United StatesHoward HughesGeneral Motors subsidiariesManufacturing companies based in California

Electronic design automation
Electronic design automation (EDA or ECAD) is a category of software tools for designing electronic systems such as printed circuit boards and integrated circuits. The tools work together in a design flow that chip designers use to design and analyze entire semiconductor chips. This article describes EDA specifically with respect to integrated circuits.
Electronic design automationElectronic design automationElectronic designElectronic engineering

Electroacoustic music
Electroacoustic music originated in Western art music during the modern era following the incorporation of electric sound production into compositional practice.
Electroacoustic musicElectronic music genresExperimental music genres

Analogue electronics
Analogue electronics (or analog in American English) are electronic systems with a continuously variable signal, in contrast to digital electronics where signals usually take only two different levels. The term "analogue" describes the proportional relationship between a signal and a voltage or current that represents the signal. The word analogue is derived from the Greek word ανάλογος (analogos) meaning "proportional".
Analogue electronicsElectronic engineeringAnalog circuits

Rheinmetall
Rheinmetall AG is a German automotive and defence company with factories in Düsseldorf, Kassel and Unterlüß. The company has a long tradition of making guns and artillery pieces. The company is also involved in a variety of advanced metal-working and milling technologies, allowing it to provide special high-quality components for small arms in addition to heavy weapon production.
RheinmetallEngineering companies of GermanyDefence companies of GermanyCompanies based in DüsseldorfRheinmetall

Defense contractor
A defense contractor (or military contractor) is a business organization or individual that provides products or services to a military department of a government. Products typically include military aircraft, ships, vehicles, weaponry, and electronic systems. Services can include logistics, technical support and training communications support, and in some cases team-based engineering in cooperation with the government.
Defense contractorDefence companies

GTE
GTE Corporation, formerly General Telephone & Electronics Corporation (1959-1982) was the largest independent telephone company in the United States during the days of the Bell System. Originally founded in 1929 as Associated Telephone Utilities, it went bankrupt in 1933 during the Great Depression, and reorganized as General Telephone in 1934. In 1991 it acquired the third largest independent, Continental Telephone (ConTel).
GTECompanies disestablished in 2000Verizon CommunicationsDefunct companies based in TexasCompanies based in Irving, TexasCompanies established in 1918Companies formerly listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange

Microelectronics
Microelectronics is a subfield of electronics. As the name suggests, microelectronics relates to the study and manufacture of very small electronic designs and components. Usually, but not always, this means micrometre-scale or smaller. These devices are made from semiconductors.
MicroelectronicsElectronics

Wafer (electronics)
In electronics, a wafer (also called a slice or substrate) is a thin slice of semiconductor material, such as a silicon crystal, used in the fabrication of integrated circuits and other microdevices. The wafer serves as the substrate for microelectronic devices built in and over the wafer and undergoes many microfabrication process steps such as doping or ion implantation, etching, deposition of various materials, and photolithographic patterning.
Wafer (electronics)Semiconductor device fabrication

Daewoo
Daewoo or the Daewoo Group was a major South Korean chaebol (conglomerate). It was founded on 22 March 1967 as Daewoo Industrial and was dismantled by the Korean government in 1999. Prior to the Asian Financial Crisis of 1998, Daewoo was the second largest conglomerate in Korea after Hyundai Group, followed by LG Group and Samsung Group. There were about 20 divisions under the Daewoo Group, some of which survive today as independent companies.
DaewooCompanies formerly listed on the London Stock ExchangeCompanies established in 1967ChaebolCompanies disestablished in 1999Daewoo

Intellivision
The Intellivision is a video game console released by Mattel in 1979. Development of the console began in 1978, less than a year after the introduction of its main competitor, the Atari 2600. The word intellivision is a portmanteau of "intelligent television". Over 3 million Intellivision units were sold and a total of 125 games were released for the console. In 2009, video game website IGN named the Intellivision the No. 14 greatest video game console of all time.
IntellivisionIntellivision1979 introductionsMattelSecond-generation video game consoles

Technicolor SA
Technicolor SA, formerly Thomson SA and Thomson Multimedia, is a French international provider of solutions for the creation, management, post-production, delivery and access of video, for the Communication, Media and Entertainment industries. Technicolor’s headquarters are located in Issy les Moulineaux, near Paris.
Technicolor SASilver Lake PartnersTelevision and film post-production companiesCompanies established in 1893Companies of FranceTechnicolor SA

Pioneer Corporation
is a multinational corporation that specializes in digital entertainment products, based in Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan. The company was founded in 1938 in Tokyo as a radio and speaker repair shop. Today, Pioneer is well known for technology advancements in the consumer electronics industry.
Pioneer Corporation1938 establishments in JapanElectronics companies of JapanAudio equipment manufacturers2929 Entertainment holdingsCompanies based in Kanagawa PrefectureElectronics companiesCompanies established in 1938Phonograph manufacturers

Milton Bradley Company
The Milton Bradley Company is an American board game company established by Milton Bradley in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1860. In 1920, it absorbed the game production of McLoughlin Brothers, formerly the largest game manufacturer in the United States, and in 1987, it purchased Selchow and Righter, makers of Parcheesi and Scrabble. Milton Bradley was taken over by Hasbro, Inc. , in 1984.
Milton Bradley CompanyAmusement companies of the United StatesGame manufacturersBoard game publishing companiesCompanies based in MassachusettsCompanies established in 1860Hampden County, MassachusettsHasbro subsidiaries

Power inverter
A power inverter, or inverter, is an electrical device that changes direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC); the converted AC can be at any required voltage and frequency with the use of appropriate transformers, switching, and control circuits. Solid-state inverters have no moving parts and are used in a wide range of applications, from small switching power supplies in computers, to large electric utility high-voltage direct current applications that transport bulk power.
Power inverterConverter stationsAutomationElectric motorsElectrical power conversionElectric power systems components

Instrumentation
Instrumentation is defined as the art and science of measurement and control of process variables within a production, or manufacturing area. An instrument is a device that measures and/or regulates physical quantity/process variables such as flow, temperature, level, or pressure. Instruments include many varied contrivances that can be as simple as valves and transmitters, and as complex as analyzers.
InstrumentationMeasuring instrumentsSensors

Surface-mount technology
Surface-mount technology (SMT) is a method for constructing electronic circuits in which the components are mounted directly onto the surface of printed circuit boards (PCBs). An electronic device so made is called a surface-mount device (SMD). In the industry it has largely replaced the through-hole technology construction method of fitting components with wire leads into holes in the circuit board.
Surface-mount technologyElectronics manufacturingChip carriersElectronic design

Mobile computing
Mobile computing is a form of human–computer interaction by which a computer is expected to be transported during normal usage. Mobile computing has three aspects: mobile communication, mobile hardware, and mobile software. The first aspect addresses communication issues in ad-hoc and infrastructure networks as well as communication properties, protocols, data formats and concrete technologies. The second aspect is on the hardware, e.g. , mobile devices or device components.
Mobile computingMobile computersAutomatic identification and data capture

Electronic musical instrument
An electronic musical instrument is a musical instrument that produces its sounds using electronics. Such an instrument sounds by outputting an electrical audio signal that ultimately drives a loudspeaker. An electronic instrument may include a user interface for controlling its sound, often by adjusting the pitch, frequency, or duration of each note.
Electronic musical instrumentElectronic musical instruments

Sanyo
is a major electronics company and member of the Fortune 500 whose headquarters is located in Moriguchi, Osaka prefecture, Japan. Sanyo targets the middle of the market and has over 230 Subsidiaries and Affiliates. On December 21, 2009, Panasonic completed a 400 billion yen ($4.5 billion) acquisition of a 50.2% stake in Sanyo, making Sanyo a subsidiary of Panasonic. In July 2010, Panasonic announced that they would acquire the remaining shares of Sanyo.
SanyoMobile phone manufacturersManufacturing companies established in 1951HVAC manufacturing companiesConsumer electronics brandsElectronics companies of JapanSanyoAudio equipment manufacturersCompanies based in Osaka PrefectureConsumer battery manufacturers1950 establishments in JapanThin-film cell manufacturersBattery manufacturersPhotography companies of JapanCompanies formerly listed on the Tokyo Stock ExchangePhotovoltaics manufacturersDefunct semiconductor companiesPanasonic CorporationPortable audio player manufacturersElectric vehicle battery manufacturers

Crosstalk (electronics)
In electronics, crosstalk (XT) is any phenomenon by which a signal transmitted on one circuit or channel of a transmission system creates an undesired effect in another circuit or channel. Crosstalk is usually caused by undesired capacitive, inductive, or conductive coupling from one circuit, part of a circuit, or channel, to another.
Crosstalk (electronics)Telecommunications termsElectronics terms

Redundancy (engineering)
In engineering, redundancy is the duplication of critical components or functions of a system with the intention of increasing reliability of the system, usually in the case of a backup or fail-safe. In many safety-critical systems, such as fly-by-wire and hydraulic systems in aircraft, some parts of the control system may be triplicated, which is formally termed triple modular redundancy (TMR). An error in one component may then be out-voted by the other two.
Redundancy (engineering)Engineering conceptsSafetyFault-tolerant computer systemsFault toleranceReliability engineering

Dual in-line package
In microelectronics, a dual in-line package (DIP or DIL) is an electronic device package with a rectangular housing and two parallel rows of electrical connecting pins. The package may be through-hole mounted to a printed circuit board or inserted in a socket. A DIP is usually referred to as a DIPn, where n is the total number of pins. For example, a microcircuit package with two rows of seven vertical leads would be a DIP14. The photograph at the upper right shows three DIP14 ICs.
Dual in-line packageChip carriersCPU sockets

Photonics
The science of photonics includes the generation, emission, transmission, modulation, signal processing, switching, amplification, and detection/sensing of light. The term photonics thereby emphasizes that photons are neither particles nor waves — they are different in that they have both particle and wave nature. It covers all technical applications of light over the whole spectrum from ultraviolet over the visible to the near-, mid- and far-infrared.
PhotonicsPhotonicsOptics

Loudness
Loudness is the quality of a sound that is primarily a psychological correlate of physical strength. More formally, it is defined as "that attribute of auditory sensation in terms of which sounds can be ordered on a scale extending from quiet to loud. " Loudness, a subjective measure, is often confused with objective measures of sound strength such as sound pressure, sound pressure level, sound intensity or sound power.
LoudnessAspects of musicAcoustics

Tyco International
Tyco International Ltd. NYSE: TYC is a highly diversified global manufacturing company incorporated in Switzerland, with United States operational headquarters in Princeton, New Jersey (Tyco International Inc.). Tyco International is composed of three major business segments: Security Solutions, Fire Protection and Flow Control. In June 2007, Tyco concluded a corporate separation that split the company into three publicly independent companies: Covidien Ltd.
Tyco InternationalCompanies formerly listed on the London Stock ExchangeCompanies established in 1960Companies of SwitzerlandCorporate crimeTyco International

Electronic waste
Electronic waste, e-waste, e-scrap, or Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) describes discarded electrical or electronic devices. There is a lack of consensus as to whether the term should apply to resale, reuse, and refurbishing industries, or only to product that cannot be used for its intended purpose.
Electronic wasteElectronic waste

Semiconductor fabrication plant
In the microelectronics industry a semiconductor fabrication plant (commonly called a fab) is a factory where devices such as integrated circuits are manufactured. A business that operates a semiconductor fab for the purpose of fabricating the designs of other companies, such as fabless semiconductor companies, is known as a foundry. If a foundry does not also produce its own designs, it is known as a pure-play semiconductor foundry. Fabs require many expensive devices to function.
Semiconductor fabrication plantSemiconductor device fabricationSemiconductor companies

Flip-flop (electronics)
In electronics, a flip-flop or latch is a circuit that has two stable states and can be used to store state information. The circuit can be made to change state by signals applied to one or more control inputs and will have one or two outputs. It is the basic storage element in sequential logic. Flip-flops and latches are a fundamental building block of digital electronics systems used in computers, communications, and many other types of systems.
Flip-flop (electronics)Logic gatesComputer memoryDigital systemsElectronic engineeringDigital electronics

Mitsubishi Electric
is a Japanese multinational electronics and electrical equipments manufacturing company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. It is one of the core companies of the Mitsubishi Group. Mitsubishi Electric manufactures electric and architectural equipment, as well as a major worldwide producer of photovoltaic panels. The Corporation was established on 15 January 1921. In the United States, products are manufactured and sold by Mitsubishi Electric US Holdings, Inc. headquartered in Cypress, California.
Mitsubishi ElectricMobile phone manufacturersHVAC manufacturing companiesMitsubishi ElectricCompanies established in 1921Electronics companies of Japan1921 establishments in JapanElevator manufacturersCompanies based in TokyoMitsubishi companiesDisplay technology companies

Ferroelectricity
Ferroelectricity is a property of certain materials which possess a spontaneous electric polarization that can be reversed by the application of an external electric field. The term is used in analogy to ferromagnetism, in which a material exhibits a permanent magnetic moment. Ferromagnetism was already known when ferroelectricity was discovered in 1920 in Rochelle salt by Valasek.
FerroelectricityElectrical phenomenaCondensed matter physicsMagnetismElectric and magnetic fields in matter

Optoelectronics
Optoelectronics is the study and application of electronic devices that source, detect and control light, usually considered a sub-field of photonics. In this context, light often includes invisible forms of radiation such as gamma rays, X-rays, ultraviolet and infrared, in addition to visible light. Optoelectronic devices are electrical-to-optical or optical-to-electrical transducers, or instruments that use such devices in their operation.
OptoelectronicsOptoelectronics

Semiconductor device
Semiconductor devices are electronic components that exploit the electronic properties of semiconductor materials, principally silicon, germanium, and gallium arsenide, as well as organic semiconductors. Semiconductor devices have replaced thermionic devices (vacuum tubes) in most applications. They use electronic conduction in the solid state as opposed to the gaseous state or thermionic emission in a high vacuum.
Semiconductor deviceSemiconductorsSemiconductor devices

Kyocera
Kyocera is a multinational manufacturer based in Kyoto, Japan. It was founded as Kyoto Ceramic Co. , Ltd. in 1959 by Kazuo Inamori and renamed in 1982. The company has diversified its founding technology in ceramic materials through internal development as well as strategic mergers and acquisitions.
KyoceraSolar energy companies of JapanCompanies based in Kyoto PrefectureElectronics companies of JapanKyoceraPhotovoltaics manufacturers

Telematics
Telematics typically is any integrated use of telecommunications and informatics, also known as ICT. Hence the application of telematics is with any of the following: The technology of sending, receiving and storing information via telecommunication devices in conjunction with affecting control on remote objects. The integrated use of telecommunications and informatics, for application in vehicles and with control of vehicles on the move.
TelematicsInformation technology managementWireless locatingAutomotive electronicsVehicle technologyGPSVehicle telematics

Biasing
Biasing in electronics is the method of establishing predetermined voltages or currents at various points of an electronic circuit to set an appropriate operating point. The operating point of a device, also known as bias point, quiescent point, or Q-point, is the steady-state operating condition of an active device (a transistor or vacuum tube) with no input signal applied.
BiasingElectronic engineering

Plessey
The Plessey Company plc was a British-based international electronics, defence and telecommunications company. It originated in 1917, growing and diversifying into electronics. It expanded after the second world war by acquisition of companies and formed overseas companies. It was listed on the London Stock Exchange and was a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index but in 1989 it was taken over by a consortium formed by GEC and Siemens which broke up the Plessey group.
PlesseyCompanies formerly listed on the London Stock ExchangeElectronics industry in LondonCompanies established in 1917Defunct computer hardware companiesDefunct companies of the United KingdomBarcodesElectronics companies of the United KingdomCompanies disestablished in 1989

Series and parallel circuits
Components of an electrical circuit or electronic circuit can be connected in many different ways. The two simplest of these are called series and parallel and occur very frequently. Components connected in series are connected along a single path, so the same current flows through all of the components. Components connected in parallel are connected so the same voltage is applied to each component.
Series and parallel circuitsElectronic circuits

CE mark
The CE marking as it has been legally called since 1993 (per directive 93/68/EEC) (abbreviation of French: Conformité Européenne, meaning "European Conformity", formerly EC mark) is a mandatory conformity mark for products placed on the market in the European Economic Area (EEA). With the CE marking on a product, the manufacturer ensures that the product conforms with the essential requirements of the applicable EC directives.
CE markEuropean Economic AreaCertification marksConsumer organizations

Power electronics
This article refers to the technology of power electronics. For the musical genre see power electronics 50x40px This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please improve this article by introducing more precise citations. Power electronics is the application of solid-state electronics for the control and conversion of electric power.
Power electronicsPower electronics

IEEE Fellow
An IEEE member is elevated to the grade of IEEE Fellow for "unusual distinction in the profession and shall be conferred by the Board of Directors upon a person with an extraordinary record of accomplishments in any of the IEEE fields of interest". The number of members selected for elevation to Fellow in any year is limited to at most one-tenth of one percent of the total voting membership. The grade of Fellow first appeared in the AIEE constitution of 1912.
IEEE FellowElectrical engineering awardsFellow Members of the IEEE

Electronic drum
An electronic drum is an electronic synthesizer which mimics an acoustic drum kit. The electronic drum usually consists of a set of pads mounted on a stand in a disposition similar to an acoustic drum kit. The pads are discs with a rubber or cloth-like coating. Each pad has a sensor which generates an electric signal when struck. The electric signal is transmitted through cables into an electronic module, which produces a sound associated to the selected pad.
Electronic drumPercussion instrumentsElectronic musical instrumentsDrum machinesDrums

Peavey Electronics
Peavey Electronics Corporation is one of the largest audio equipment manufacturers in the world, headquartered in Meridian, Mississippi, United States.
Peavey ElectronicsLoudspeaker manufacturing companiesGuitar amplifier manufacturersAudio amplifier manufacturersMeridian, MississippiMusic equipment manufacturersSynthesizer manufacturing companiesCompanies based in MississippiGuitar manufacturing companiesCompanies established in 1965

Music technology
Music technology is a term that refers to all forms of technology involved with the musical arts, particularly the use of electronic devices and computer software to facilitate playback, recording, composition, storage and performance. This subject is taught at many different educational levels, including K-12 through college and university.
Music technologyMusic technology

FADEC
Full Authority Digital Engine (or Electronics) Control (FADEC) is a system consisting of a digital computer, called an electronic engine controller (EEC) or engine control unit (ECU), and its related accessories that control all aspects of aircraft engine performance. FADECs have been produced for both piston engines and jet engines.
FADECAvionicsEngine technologyAircraft instruments

Sunsoft
is a Japanese video game development company founded on April 16, 1971 as a division of Sun Corporation, itself a division of Sun Electronics, or Sun Denshi Corporation in Japan (its U.S. subsidiary operated under the name Sunsoft of America, though games they published showed a logo that read only SUNSOFT).
SunsoftCompanies established in 1985Sunsoft gamesVideo game development companiesCompanies based in Aichi PrefectureVideo game companies of Japan

Tiger Electronics
Tiger Electronics is an American toy manufacturer, best known for its handheld LCD games, the Furby, and Giga Pets. When Tiger was an independent company, Tiger Electronics Inc. , its headquarters were in Vernon Hills, Illinois. Randy Rissman and Roger Shiffman founded the company in 1978. It started with low-tech items like phonographs, but then began developing handheld electronic games and teaching toys.
Tiger ElectronicsElectronic toys1978 establishments in the United StatesManufacturing companies established in 1978Toy companies of the United StatesHasbro subsidiaries

Thomson-CSF
Thomson-CSF was a major electronics and defence contractor. In December 2000 it was renamed Thales Group.
Thomson-CSFThales GroupTechnicolor SADefunct companies of France

Telecommunications engineering
Telecommunications engineering, or telecom engineering, is a major field within electronic engineering. The work ranges from basic circuit design to strategic mass developments. A telecommunication engineer is responsible for designing and overseeing the installation of telecommunications equipment and facilities, such as complex electronic switching systems, copper telephone facilities, and fiber optics. Telecom engineering also overlaps heavily with broadcast engineering.
Telecommunications engineeringTelecommunications engineering

Ling-Temco-Vought
Ling-Temco-Vought (LTV) was a large U.S. conglomerate which existed from 1969 to 2000. At its peak, its component parts were involved in the aerospace industry, electronics, steel manufacturing, sporting goods, the airline industry, meat packing, car rentals and pharmaceuticals, among other businesses.
Ling-Temco-VoughtVought aircraftDefunct aircraft manufacturers of the United StatesCompanies that have filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcyConglomerate companies

Network analysis (electrical circuits)
A network, in the context of electronics, is a collection of interconnected components. Network analysis is the process of finding the voltages across, and the currents through, every component in the network. There are a number of different techniques for achieving this. However, for the most part, they assume that the components of the network are all linear. The methods described in this article are only applicable to linear network analysis except where explicitly stated.
Network analysis (electrical circuits)Electronic design

Zenith Electronics
Zenith Electronics Corporation is a brand of the South Korean company LG Electronics. The company was previously an American manufacturer of radio and television receivers and other consumer electronics, and was headquartered in Lincolnshire, Illinois. For many years, their famous slogan was "The quality goes in, before the name goes on. " LG Electronics acquired a controlling share of Zenith in 1995 and eventually the rest in 1999.
Zenith ElectronicsAmateur radio companiesConsumer electronics brandsPrivately held companies based in IllinoisLG GroupElectronics companies of the United StatesCompanies established in 1918Melrose Park, IllinoisCompanies based in Lake County, IllinoisCompanies that have filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy

Delco Electronics
Delco Electronics Corporation was the automotive electronics design and manufacturing subsidiary of General Motors based in Kokomo, Indiana. The name Delco came from the Dayton Engineering Laboratories Co. , founded in Dayton, Ohio by Charles Kettering and Edward A. Deeds in 1909. Delco was responsible for several innovations in automobile electric systems, including the first reliable battery ignition system and the first practical automobile self starter.
Delco ElectronicsMotor vehicle battery manufacturersAutomotive companies of the United StatesCompanies based in Kokomo, IndianaAuto parts suppliersDefunct companies based in IndianaGeneral Motors subsidiaries

Radiation hardening
Radiation hardening is a method of designing and testing electronic components and systems to make them resistant to damage or malfunctions caused by ionizing radiation, such as would be encountered in outer space, high-altitude flight, around nuclear reactors, particle accelerators, during nuclear accidents or nuclear warfare.
Radiation hardeningRadiation effectsSemiconductor device defectsIntegrated circuitsElectronics manufacturingSpaceflightAvionics computersMilitary communications

Consumer Electronics Association
The Consumer Electronics Association (CEA) is a standards and trade organization for the consumer electronics industry in the United States. The Consumer Electronics Association (CEA) is the preeminent trade association promoting growth in the $173 billion U.S. consumer technology industry through technology policy, events, research, promotion and the fostering of business and strategic relationships. The CEA also puts on the annual International CES (Consumer Electronics Show).
Consumer Electronics AssociationTechnology trade associationsConsumer electronicsStandards organizations

Oberheim Electronics
Oberheim Electronics is an American company, founded in 1969 by Tom Oberheim (a former designer and contract manufacturer for Maestro), which manufactured audio synthesizers and a variety of other electronic musical instruments.
Oberheim ElectronicsElectronics companies of the United StatesCompanies established in 1969Synthesizer manufacturing companies

Stern (game company)
Stern is the name of two different but related arcade gaming companies: Stern Electronics, Inc. and Stern Pinball, Inc.
Stern (game company)Companies based in Chicago, IllinoisCompanies based in Cook County, IllinoisMelrose Park, IllinoisPinball manufacturersVideo game companies of the United States

Computer cooling
Computer cooling is required to remove the waste heat produced by computer components, to keep components within permissible operating temperature limits. Components that are susceptible to temporary malfunction or permanent failure if overheated include integrated circuits such as CPUs, chipset, graphics cards, and hard disk drives.
Computer coolingCentral processing unitComputer hardware cooling